Dyshidrotic Eczema

    M. Gergovska¹, R. Darlenski², J. Kazandjieva¹
    ¹Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical Faculty, Medical University – Sofia
    ²Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Tokuda Hospital – Sofia

    Dyshidrotic eczema is one of the most common skin conditions and is a reccurent or chronic relapsing form of vesicular palmoplantar dermatitis of unknown etiology, which is belived to be multifactorital. Dyshidrotic eczema is also termed “pompholyx“ and it is considered a reaction pattern caused by various endogenous conditions and exogenous factors. It is a skin condition with sudden onset that is characterized by pruritic vesicles on the hands or feet and later, scaling, fissures and lichenification may occur.
    Dyshidrotic Eczema can affect people of any age but it seems to be most common with people who are between the ages of 20 to 50 years. The condition seems to be related somewhat to genetic factors, but in most cases is though to be an allergic response to different allergens in the environment. It is considered that nickel, cobalt, balsam of peru, and many other sensibilizing substances may be likely to cause an allergic response in most cases of dyshidrotic eczema.

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